1. Center of Complex Systems and Visualization
  2. Lehre
  3. Oberseminar

In dem regelmäßig stattfindenden Oberseminar tragen Gäste aus aller Welt über Forschungsarbeiten zu Themen vor, die mit der Arbeit von CeVis und MeVis in Verbindung stehen, und Mitarbeiter von CeVis und MeVis präsentieren ihre neusten Ergebnisse.

C(M)eVis-Oberseminar am 27.7.1999

Datum: Donnerstag, der 27.7.1999
Zeit: 14.00 Uhr s.t.
Ort: Seminarraum Mandelbrot
Referentin: Elsa Angelini (Department of Biomedical Engineering, Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied ScienceColumbia University, New York)
Directional Representations of 4D Echocardiography for Temporal Quantification of LV Volume

Real-time acquisition via four-dimensional (3D plus time) ultrasound obviates the need for slice registration and reconstruction, leaving segmentation as the only barrier to an automated, rapid, and clinically applicable calculation of accurate left ventricular cavity volumes and ejection fraction. Speckle noise corrupts ultrasound data by introducing sharp changes in an image intensity profile. Attenuation can alter the intensity of equally significant cardiac structures, depending on orientation with respect to the position of the ultrasound beam. These properties suggest that measures based on phase information rather than intensity are appropriate for denoising and boundary (surface) detection. Our method relies on the expansion of temporal volume data on a family of basis functions called Brushlets. These basis functions decompose a signal into distinct patterns of oriented textures. Projected coefficients are associated with distinct "brush strokes" of a particular size (width) and orientation (direction). Brushlet decompositions are invariant to intensity (contrast range) but depend on the spatial frequency content of a signal. Preliminary results of this directional space-frequency analysis applied to both phantoms and clinical cases will be presented. The method will later be used to clinically evaluate 4D data and to extract and quantify heart LV volumes.

A. Rodenhausen, 24.7.1999